We have a pretty good understanding of how the kidney works as a filter, how the heart works as a pump, what lungs do and how they do it, we are well aware of how these organs perform their tasks from a very long time, but even today in 2016, no one can tell how the brain functions as an information processing organ.
As complex the brain is, that simple are to understand the various psychological phenomena of the human mind and how they affect us and knowingly or not we still fall prey to them.
Many of these are very commonly known to all, following are the phenomena observed with respect to human mind:
- PARAMNESIA (Déjà Vu)
Paramnesia also called as Déjà Vu, is when an individual feels as though an event has already happened or has happened in the recent past. The experience of paramnesia seems to be quite common amongst both adults and children. Paramnesia or déjà vu is usually accompanied by a compelling sense of familiarity, and also a sense of “strangeness,” “weirdness”. Certain researchers claim to have found ways to recreate this sensation using hypnosis. The similarity between a déjà-vu-evoking stimulus and an existing, but different, memory trace may lead to the sensation. Thus, encountering something which evokes the experience or sensation that cannot be remembered may lead to déjà vu.
Apophenia is the experience of seeing patterns or connections in random or meaningless data. Pareidolia is a type of apophenia involving a vague and random stimulus (often an image or sound) being perceived as significant. Common examples include seeing images of animals or faces in clouds, the man in the moon, and also hearing hidden messages on records played in reverse like the ones we see in horror movies.
- HORN’S EFFECT
Horn’s Effect, also called the devil’s and reverse halo effect is where individuals, brands or other things judged by someone to have a single undesirable trait are subsequently judged to have many poor traits. Allowing a single weak point or negative trait to influence perception of the person, brand or other thing in general. Simplifying it, when we consider a person bad in one area, we are likely to make a similar evaluation in other areas.
- CLUSTERING ILLUSION
The clustering illusion is the illusion that random events which occur in clusters or occur repeatedly are not really random events. The illusion is due to a counter-intuitive assumption about statistical odds.
For example, most people find it unexpected if heads comes up four times in a row during a series of coin flips. Now if you have got 3 consecutive heads, you’d think next flip can’t be heads, though there is still a 50% probability. Thinking that the probabilities have changed is a common bias. This has caused gamers to lose thinking the probability has changed.
- DISOWNING PAIN
Ever wondered why it pains you more when you watch yourself being injected with a syringe in comparison with the pain when you look away.
This is because of the Disowning pain phenomenon.
Research at Oxford University has led to the discovery of a new pain killer – the inverted binoculars. This study demonstrated that distorting the body image alters pain perception. The scientists demonstrated that the subjects who looked at their wounded hands through the wrong end of the binoculars, making the hand appear smaller, experienced significantly less pain and decreased swelling. According to the researchers, this demonstrates that even basic bodily sensations such as pain are modulated by what we see. So, the next time you are getting injected do yourself a favor and look away!
Facts about Human mind
- The typical brain is about 2% of a body’s weight but uses 20% of its total energy and oxygen intake.
- Your brain is 73% water. It takes only 2% dehydration to affect your attention, memory and other cognitive skills.
- Ninety minutes of sweating can temporarily shrink the brain as much as one year of aging.
- Only 5 minutes without oxygen can cause brain damage.
- No one knows for sure, but the latest estimate is that our brains contain roughly 86 billion brain cells.
- All brain cells are not alike. There are as many as 10,000 specific types of neurons in the brain.
- Your brain generates about 12-25 watts of electricity. This is enough to power a low wattage LED light.
- The average brain is believed to generate around 50,000 thoughts per day. Disturbingly, it’s estimated that in most people 70% of these thoughts are negative.
- In general, men’s brains are 10% bigger than women’s, even after taking into account larger body size.
- Brain cells cannibalize themselves as a last source of energy to avoid starvation. So dieting can really force your brain to eat itself.